top of page

The Norwegian Government’s hydrogen strategy

Jun 3, 2020

towards a low emission society

Summary of Norway's Hydrogen Strategy:

  • Hydrogen can play a significant role in transitioning to a low-emission society. Its relevance in Norway will depend on various factors, especially in sectors where there are limited zero-emission alternatives.

  • Hydrogen is an energy carrier, not a source. Its production requires energy, making it more expensive than direct energy carriers like electricity. However, it offers flexible and compressed energy storage.

  • Globally, 70 million tonnes of hydrogen are used annually, primarily in the chemical industry and oil refining. Most of the hydrogen in Europe is produced from natural gas, leading to significant emissions.

  • For hydrogen to be a low-emission energy carrier, it must be produced with minimal emissions, either through electrolysis using renewable electricity or steam reforming with CCS.

  • Interest in hydrogen has surged internationally. Countries like the Netherlands, Germany, Japan, and Australia are developing their hydrogen strategies. The EU and the International Energy Agency (IEA) have also shown increased interest.

  • The EU's recent budget and package of measures emphasize the importance of investing in sectors beneficial to human health and the environment. This includes a focus on hydrogen.

  • Norway has ideal conditions for hydrogen. It possesses industrial experience, potential for renewable energy production, and the capability for CO2 storage. The maritime industry in Norway is also exploring hydrogen and ammonia as energy carriers.

  • The strategy emphasizes the importance of safety and standards, national and international research, and collaboration in the hydrogen sector.

  • Public sector procurements can drive innovation and transition in the economy, with a focus on zero-emission solutions in transport.

  • The government will prioritize efforts in areas where Norway has advantages, ensuring hydrogen is safe, accessible, and financially viable. It will also support technological developments, promote clean hydrogen production, and emphasize emission-free transport.

  • Research is crucial. Norway has funded hydrogen research through the Research Council of Norway and will continue to focus on research initiatives for a low-emission society.

  • International collaboration is vital for a functioning hydrogen market. Norway aims to participate in relevant international forums to promote sustainable hydrogen technologies and markets.

Read the strategy here:

The Norwegian Government's Hydrogen Strategy
Download PDF • 2.19MB

bottom of page