Hydrogen Nation Network
Hydrogen hubs describe one location or area having hydrogen production, storage, and demand facilities.
The hydrogen hubs that were selected for negotiation through President Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law:
Mid-Atlantic Hydrogen Hub (MACH2)
Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey
The Mid-Atlantic Hydrogen Hub aims to accelerate decarbonization in the Mid-Atlantic region by repurposing oil infrastructure and utilizing existing rights-of-way. It will establish renewable hydrogen production facilities powered by renewable and nuclear electricity, employing various electrolyzer technologies to reduce costs and promote technological advancement. This initiative plans to provide workforce development through Project Labor Agreements, investing in regional Workforce Development Boards with an estimated creation of 20,800 direct jobs, contributing significantly to both construction and permanent employment. The committed investment for this project is up to $750 million.
California Hydrogen Hub (ARCHES)
The California Hydrogen Hub will utilize the state's expertise in clean energy technology to exclusively produce hydrogen from renewable energy and biomass sources. Focused on decarbonizing public transportation, heavy-duty trucking, and port operations, it aims to address key emissions sources and challenges in reducing air pollution. The initiative plans to introduce Project Labor Agreements for hub-related projects, creating significant opportunities for disadvantaged communities and generating an estimated 220,000 direct jobs, with 130,000 in construction and 90,000 permanent positions. The investment allocated for this hub is up to $1.2 billion.
Heartland Hydrogen Hub
Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota
The Heartland Hydrogen Hub will harness the region's rich energy resources to facilitate the reduction of carbon emissions in agricultural fertilizer production. It aims to lower the expense of clean hydrogen and promote its usage in electricity generation and cold climate space heating. The hub plans to introduce opportunities for equity ownership among tribal communities and local farmers, offering a chance for farmers to access more competitive pricing for clean fertilizer. Anticipating about 3,880 direct jobs—3,067 in construction and 703 permanent roles—the allocated investment is up to $925 million.
Pacific Northwest Hydrogen Hub
Washington, Oregon, Montana
The Pacific Northwest Hydrogen Hub aims to use the region's ample renewable resources to produce clean hydrogen solely from renewable sources. It anticipates widespread use of electrolyzers, aiming to reduce their costs and enhance accessibility to other producers, subsequently driving down hydrogen production expenses. The hub is expected to create over 10,000 direct jobs—8,050 in construction and 350 permanent roles, with an investment of up to $1 billion.
Appalachian Hydrogen Hub (ARCH2)
West Virginia, Ohio, Pennsylvania
The Appalachian Hydrogen Hub will utilize the region's natural gas reserves to produce clean and cost-effective hydrogen while safely storing associated carbon emissions. With its strategic location and the establishment of pipelines, hydrogen fueling stations, and CO2 storage, this hub aims to reduce the expense of hydrogen distribution and storage. The initiative is expected to generate over 21,000 direct job opportunities, comprising over 18,000 in construction and more than 3,000 permanent positions, fostering economic growth and providing quality jobs in coal communities. The financial investment for this endeavor is up to $925 million.
Gulf Coast Hydrogen Hub (HyVelocity)
The Gulf Coast Hydrogen Hub will be based in the Houston region, historically known as the U.S. energy hub. It aims to initiate the clean hydrogen economy by employing large-scale hydrogen production methods, including natural gas with carbon capture and renewable energy-driven electrolysis. Leveraging the Gulf Coast's ample renewable energy and natural gas supply, the hub intends to lower hydrogen costs, a critical factor for market advancement. With a forecast of approximately 45,000 direct jobs—35,000 in construction and 10,000 permanent positions—the investment allocated for this hub is up to $1.2 billion.
Midwest Hydrogen Hub (Mach2)
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan
The Midwest Hydrogen Hub is situated in a crucial industrial and transportation corridor, aiming to drive decarbonization through the strategic use of hydrogen in various sectors such as steel and glass production, power generation, refining, heavy-duty transportation, and sustainable aviation fuel. Leveraging diverse energy sources like renewable energy, natural gas, and low-cost nuclear energy, the hub anticipates generating about 13,600 direct jobs—12,100 in construction and 1,500 permanent roles, with an investment of up to $1 billion.
U.S. Department of Energy Webinars
DOE OCED National Briefing: Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs Selections
Hydrogen Hubs Selections National Labor & Workforce Briefing
Hydrogen Hubs Selections National Environmental Justice Briefing