Jul 1, 2020
The strategic plan promotes the acceleration of hydrogen technologies in the U.S., highlighting its potential for carbon-neutral or negative emissions. The plan covers production methods, costs, applications, and challenges, underscoring the DOE's dedication to a sustainable hydrogen-driven, low-carbon economy.
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Hydrogen Strategy document, titled "Enabling A Low-Carbon Economy," outlines the strategic plan to accelerate research, development, and deployment of hydrogen technologies in the United States. Here's a summary of the key aspects:
Introduction (Page 1):
Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that can play a vital role in transitioning to a low-carbon economy.
It can be produced from various sources, including fossil fuels, biomass, and water, with potential for carbon-neutral or negative emissions.
Background (Pages 2-3):
The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) focuses on four major R&D areas: Carbon-Neutral Hydrogen Production, Large-Scale Hydrogen Transport Infrastructure, Large-Scale Hydrogen Storage, and Hydrogen Use for Electricity Generation, Fuels, and Manufacturing.
Hydrogen Production and Cost (Pages 5-6):
99% of U.S. hydrogen production is sourced from fossil fuels, with natural gas being the primary source.
Gasification and methane reforming with CCUS are likely to be the lowest-cost sources of large-scale hydrogen.
Hydrogen from zero-carbon electricity (e.g., nuclear or wind) is more costly than from fossil resources.
Hydrogen Uses and Equivalent Costs (Pages 7-8):
Hydrogen's applications include ammonia production, chemical feedstock, food and drug production, petrochemical processing, and emerging as a low-carbon fuel option for transportation, electricity generation, and manufacturing.
Hydrogen Demand (Page 8):
The document discusses the growing interest in hydrogen and its projected increase in many countries through 2050.
Emerging Markets and International Initiatives (Page 10):
Highlights the global interest in hydrogen and the potential for U.S. hydrogen export to markets shifting towards greater hydrogen use.
Hydrogen Transportation (Page 11):
Discusses the challenges and opportunities related to hydrogen transport infrastructure.
Hydrogen Storage (Page 13):
Focuses on large-scale onsite and geological hydrogen storage.
Office of Fossil Energy (Pages 13-15):
Describes the Office of Clean Coal and Carbon Management Hydrogen R&D Program, Office of Oil and Natural Gas Hydrogen R&D Program, and future R&D to accelerate the hydrogen economy.
Safety and Regulatory Requirements and Challenges (Page 17):
Addresses the safety and regulatory aspects related to hydrogen production, transport, and utilization.
Overall, the document provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of hydrogen technologies and the U.S. DOE's strategic approach to fostering hydrogen's role in a low-carbon economy. It emphasizes the potential of hydrogen as a sustainable energy carrier and outlines the key areas of focus for research, development, and deployment.