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2030 Polish Hydrogen Strategy

May 3, 2021

Poland's "2030 Hydrogen Strategy" outlines its ambitious roadmap to integrate hydrogen across its energy, transport, and industrial sectors, aiming to establish a robust hydrogen economy. The strategy emphasizes diversifying energy sources, transforming transport with hydrogen-fueled buses, transitioning to low-carbon hydrogen production in industries, and developing a comprehensive infrastructure and regulatory framework in alignment with EU policies.

The "2030 Polish Hydrogen Strategy" presented in May 2021 outlines Poland's roadmap and objectives for integrating hydrogen into its energy, transport, and industrial sectors. The strategy's ultimate goal is to establish a Polish hydrogen economy by developing national and local competencies in key components of the hydrogen value chain. This is aimed at achieving climate neutrality and maintaining the competitiveness of the Polish economy. The strategy emphasizes:

  1. Energy and Heating Sectors: The strategy aims to diversify energy sources and transform the sector using low-carbon hydrogen technologies. By 2030 and 2040, Poland plans to integrate 50 MW and 2 GW of electrolyzers capacity, respectively, into the energy value chain.

  2. Transport Sector: Investments are focused on hydrogen-fueled buses for public transport, aiming for 100-250 hydrogen buses by 2025. The strategy also highlights the construction of hydrogen refueling infrastructure and the use of hydrogen in aviation and maritime sectors.

  3. Industry Transformation: Poland, being the 3rd largest hydrogen producer in the EU, aims to switch to low-carbon hydrogen production and integrate hydrogen into the industry value chain. The focus is on energy-intensive industries due to the lack of other sustainable alternatives.

  4. Production, Storage, and Transport: The strategy emphasizes low-carbon hydrogen production, underground storage, and the development of quality and safe infrastructure connecting market players at both national and EU levels.

  5. Regulatory Environment: A stable regulatory framework is being developed for hydrogen as an alternative fuel in transport. This includes a legislative package in line with EU policies and financial incentives.

  6. Indicators and Actions: By 2030, Poland aims to have 2 GW of electrolyzer capacity operational, 800-1000 hydrogen-fueled buses, a network of at least 32 refueling stations, and a minimum of 5 hydrogen valleys developed.

  7. Key Challenges: The strategy identifies challenges such as competitiveness, market regulations, financial instrument support, addressing hard-to-abate industries, and establishing a safe distribution system integrated into the common European infrastructure.

Poland's approach to hydrogen is comprehensive, focusing on sector-specific strategies, regulatory frameworks, and international cooperation, positioning itself as a key player in the European hydrogen landscape.

Read the strategy here:

Polish Hydrogen Strategy
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